Many countries like india are one of the large agri based economy where the large proportion of people are heavily employed through it and with the upgradion of technology, every sector changes itself with time therefore nowdays many countries are enforcing to organic farming which is the begining of modernization in agri sector. So, we will discuss about everything about oranic farming so that our readers can get in clear cut idea of it!!
Inosights of Organic farming
Organic farming is a viable form of modernization where it supports the farming that is free from the use of pesticides, fertilizers, genetically modified organisms. Organic production is a comprehensive system designed to optimize the productivity and fitness of various organisms in the agro-ecosystem, including soil organisms, plants, livestock and people.
The main goal of organic farming is to develop an ecosystem that are sustainable and in harmony with the environment. It protects with major environment calamities, reduces soil erosion and degradation, reduces pollution, optimises bio-productivity and promotes good health. It promotes Organic residues and nutrients produced on the farm are recycled back into the soil which is used to Cover crops and compost manure are used to maintain soil organic matter and fertility.
There are various methods which are practised in it including Pest and disease control methods are practiced, including crop rotation, improved genetics and resistant varieties, Integrated pest and weed management, and soil care systems are valuable tools in organic farming.
Methods of organic farming
Organic farming is the reincarnation of modern and traditional farming in which it is based on that differs majorily from the traditional practice therefore there are various methods of this mordern agri practice that enhances natural enviroment and increases productivity also
Genetic Crop Rotation
This method is nectar for those countries which contains less productive land and want more agricultural productivity. It comprises of various varieties of crops on different segments on land that is directly proportional to changing of season. It reduces reliance on one set of nutrients and require less pest practices which gives us the prominent example of crop diversity.
Management in everything whether it is life or farming leads to the outrage of productivity. It is the most important method of organic farming where it depends heavily on the breakdown of organic matter and the microorganisms present in it such as earthworms allows the transfer and production of nutrients in soil which provides benefits of healthier oractice and increses the productivity of soil.
Pest Free Management
We all know that pesticides are the artificial chemicals which is injected in the crops to yield properly but it is far most dangerous for health can cause cancer and breath related problems etc and organic farming solve this major problem.
I am sure many of our readers have strong desire how we can control pests and weeds in organic farming because it is natural so the answer is really simple crop rotation is one of the frequent example in which farmers remove dissimilar crops and promote more to it.
Second method is crop germination which defines properly about selctiveness of varieties that leads to higher yield and other is cutting the weeds manually.
It includes modification and integration of transgenic technologies into organic farming as the optimal means to sustainable agriculture, particularly in the developing world. Organic farmer Raoul Adamchak and geneticist Pamela Ronald write that many agricultural applications of biotechnology are consistent with organic principles and have significantly advanced sustainable agriculture. It promotes try to minimise their reliance on fossil fuels. In the developing world on small organic farms tools are normally constrained to hand tools and diesel powered water pumps.
Solar powered Farms
Sun is the foremost source of natural light and provides the good yielding shields to crops but in this subset of mordern farming it is good thing farmers promote this one into many uses like solar powered sprinklers and irrigation tubes which reduces the cost of farming.
if our readers want to know more about solar energy check to the link (solar energy).
It is the most interesting fact for our readers that scientists have developed the solar farm beds where crops can yield on it with minimal resources and promote to higher productivity.
Why Organic Farming is important
The main reasons for this it encourages farmers to practice the modern farming which is free from artificial chemicals and pest free controls.. The amount of energy used in agriculture is also an major concern, as many agro-chemicals require energy-producing processes that rely heavily on fossil fuels therefore Organic farmers find their farming methods profitable and personally beneficial for the environment.
Benefits of organic farming
As we have discuss before, organic farming encouaces chemicals free farming which is like stick to the betterment for the environment.
In organic production, farmers can use some convenient traditional and mordern chemical equipment available to other farmers therefore it increases Production system design and maintenance.
Due to biological and genetic modification of different crops it increases the ptoductive yield irrespective to different seasons:-
Cereals and fodder crops can be easily grown organically due to low rot pressure and nutrient requirements. Maize is grown mostly in organic fields, but requires careful management for weed control and breeding and can be grown successfully if wild beans or manure are applied.
Organic products can usually qualify for higher prices than present traditional products. These vary with the premium crop and depend on whether you are working with a processor, wholesaler, retailer or direct customer. Prices and premiums are negotiable between the buyer and the seller and are subject to fluctuations with local and global supply and demand.
It also encourages lower production costs as compared to higher prices for maintenance, labor, and lower agricultural output in the present traditional farming. Mordern researchers report very little change in yield have seen significant differences in marketable yields. It also cuts higher marketing costs to develop markets with less infrastructure than traditional goods.
Impacts & Future Of Organic Farming
It is obvious and the law of nature where there is the modifications there are impacts also irrespective in many sections are as follows:-
Organic farming leads to the higher emissions which provides hazard to enviromental conditions and this is the foremost downside of this technique. let us prove it by knowing the facts researchers at different universities analysed the methods of organic farming produces more emisiions than traditional practice.
According to reaearchers oranic farming leds to higher production of nutrients in crops which is somewhere around more than 5.6. These excess nutrients is deep flown through rivers that is harmful for aquatic farming.
AS we have discussed before about crop rotation it requires more land to harvest than traditional farming system.
Apart from these impacts and downsides of this farming is fewer as compared to upsides It has been popular in recent years and some countries are pushing this as part of modernisation. Time to put forward some facts In 2001, the global market value of certified organic products was estimated at US $ 20 billion. By 2002 it was $ 23 billion and by 2015 it was over $ 63 billion.
According to various experts, organic farming is found to be 2.7 to 3.8 times more profitable than conventional farming. Worldwide, organic farming is 22 to 35 percent more profitable for farmers than traditional methods. The profitability of organic farming can be attributed to a number of factors. First, organic farmers do not rely on synthetic fertiliser and pesticide inputs, which are expensive. In addition, organic foods are currently receiving a price premium over traditionally produced foods, which means organic farmers can get more for their produce.
It also make Comprehensive comparisons of energy efficiency in grain production, yield production and animal husbandry have led to the conclusion that greater production per unit energy in organic farming occurs in crops and livestock systems which is the good sign for the future.
Many countries especially like India and china encourages many types of organic farming which has large proportion of people employed in farming which is Sikkim achieved its goal of converting to 100% organic farming and Andhra Pradesh which is in South India promotes organic farming especially Zero Budget Natural Farming which is a regenerative agriculture which provides the significant positive news for the sustainable future!
Read our blog with amazing and trending content only on Inonations !