Nanotechnology In Medicine & Smart Healthcare

Nanotechnology in Medicine
Nanotechnology in Medicine

InoSights of nanotechnology

Nanotechnology is the most depictive innovation that redefines the health infrastructure into smarter one. In this modern world where new viruses and health problems are being reported, this technology will be the nectar for all these problems as it forces on the perspective term of PERSONALIZED MEDICINE. Personalized medicine conceptualizes nanotechnology and personalized diagnosis can be completed with self care treatment with invasive surgery or targeted medicine to the specific needs of a particular patient.

Nanotechnology Definition?

Nanotechnology is the science of tiny and nanorobots, which have a great potential for health care, deliver drugs more efficiently to specific areas that detect diseases more quickly and sensitively, and deliver vaccines through aerosols at specific target. Nanotechnology is the possession of small particles with a size of at least 1 to 100 nanometers.

Developing materials or devices in this shape involves this technique – invisible to the human eye and several hundred times thinner than the width of human hair. Innovators and scientists have rapidly researched this technology, which includes many fields such as nanomedicine, the range of which is naturally wide, including surface science, organic chemistry, molecular biology, microfabrication and molecular engineering. Therefore engineering can create many new materials and devices with a wide variety of applications such as nanotechnology, nanoelectronics, biometrics and consumer products.

Benefits of nanotechnology in health care

The use and performance of that technology depends a lot on how it reflects human life. Nanotechnology is rapidly advancing and aiding visual imaging in industrial applications, medical imaging, disease diagnosis, drug delivery, cancer treatment and gene therapy. Nanotechnology is of great importance for rapid health care product development because it has many human health benefits, but is considered with some fear for its human health risks.

The great pharmacological advantage of nanotechnology is that scientists can ensure that drugs are delivered with greater accuracy to specific areas of the body and that drugs can be made so that the active ingredient reduces the required dose by improving the cell membranes.

Nanotechnology

It provides a better and quicker diagnosis of exposure to personalized Medicare, such as malaria, which can be corrected using fluorescent quantum drops. It is useful in diagnosing malaria by targeting trapping proteins in the inner layer of blood cells. This protein network changes size when cells become infected with malaria, so scientists can detect malaria infection by the amount produced by droplets.

This method can be used as to detect various diseases like HIV and cancer in which nanosized semiconductors can be used as biosensors for disease detection and as fluorescent. Quantum droplets, sometimes called nanocrystals, have a significant advantage over traditional organic dyes because their light is bound to a wide range of frequency virtues and they degrade very slowly in the body.

Fluorescent quantum droplets can also be used to diagnose malaria, allowing them to target proteins that are trapped in the inner layer of the blood cell. This protein network changes size when cells become infected with malaria, so scientists can detect malaria infection by the amount produced by droplets. Similarly, other nanoparticles such as carbon nanoparticles and nanowire have been used as biosensors to detect diseases such as HIV and cancer.

Drug Supply

Nanotechnology makes revolutionary changes in drug delivery, such as managing drug release in the body and improving bioavailability – the amount of active ingredient per dose.

Some medicines can now be dispensed through nanowires. For example, liposomes and carbondoses  that can provide payload by attaching to cell membranes are used to enslave HIV drugs such as stavudine therefore due to this the liposome coating makes them active for a long time. Other nanodrug delivery systems use fullerenes and branched nanomolecules for specific targeted point.

Health Monitoring

Nanotubes and nanoparticles can be used as glucose, carbon dioxide and cholesterol sensors and for site monitoring of homeostasis, thereby maintaining the body’s metabolic balance. Graphite and graphene is especially important for wearable electronic applications because it is highly conductive and ultra-flexible and results in detecting various problems early related to respiratory structure. It can sense a patient’s body temperature and heart rate and send them to the reader. Medical personnel can monitor patient conditions wirelessly, greatly facilitating patient care.

In homes, battery-free printed graphene sensors can be used while walking or any fitness exercise. These sensors can detect and collect the health conditions in a early way possible and can be sent back to a monitoring location for analysation to improve remote healthcare and quality of life. .

More examples of these futuristic wearable monitors are temporary tattoos or electronic stickers:

  • It captures and measures the level of glucose in the fluid between two skin cells;
  • Clinical monitoring such as EKG and EEG tests;
  • Monitor visibility and fitness and warn athletes

Read our wearable technology article for more information

Nanotechnology in Medicine

Early detection of cancer can save more lives than any other treatment in the advanced stages. Circulating tumor cells (CTCs), which are viable cells derived from tumors, are designed to indicate the source of metastatic disease.

Nanotechnology can be used to develop functional devices when those marks appear on the body and give them agents to reverse malignant pre-changes or kill those cells. These are potentially fatal.

With increasing accuracy, fluid biopsy – CTC isolated from blood samples – is becoming a viable supplement or alternative to invasive biopsy of metastatic tumors.

CTCs are of great interest in assessing the prevalence of cancer, assessing patient prognosis, and evaluating therapeutic therapies, suggesting a reliable potential choice for invasive biopsy and subsequent proteomic and functional genetic analysis.

Two examples of nanotechnology in medicine: Instead of using magnetic and microfloid methods to isolate CTCs, researchers have demonstrated a carbon nanotube chip that transmits and analyzes tumor cells in the blood. Others capture and release circulating tumor cells using a nanosilicon platform. The other method is from carbon nanotubes as  insert carbon nanotubes into cancer cells and then expose the tissue to infrared laser light that results in killing of cancer cells and leave healthy cells.

HIV

Nanotechnology is also being used to make HIV more effective. Current HIV treatment requires a complex drug that lasts a few months. Most patients do not take the medication properly or complete the course. Form drug formulations based on nanotechnology degrade more slowly, allowing the active substance to be more distributed, thus requiring a lower dose.

Ip drugs are encapsulated in biodegradable polymers such as liposomes and microcephaly, which ensure continuous drug delivery. The nanowires of the polyactide co-glycolide, the polymer is often used to deliver dispensers because it does not have a well-attenuated and immune response, has been used successfully by the researchers to neutralise HIV carriers. Nanoparticles may also be used on  the basis for delivering the aerosol HIV vaccine. Needle-free, so does not require trained personnel to maintain it, the vaccine is stable at room temperature.

Impact of nanotechnology on Medicare

In addition to the positive effects, it can have many negative effects, including compulsion in many diseases. The toxicity of nanoparticles and nanowires depends on their surface properties, coating, composition, size and overall capacity. If nanoparticles in the medicine have a low solubility they can cause cancer. This is because the volume ratio of nanoparticles has a higher surface area, which enhances the chemical and biological reaction.

Nanotechnology and Healthcare
Nanotechnology and Healthcare

Nanoparticles can enter the body in a number of ways; Skin, intake, inhalation, injection or implantation. Nanoparticles penetrate when in lip balms, including skin care products, hair products or sunscreen and anti-wrinkle creams. Cosmetic products do not require any diagnostic tests, but contain the maximum number of products with nanoparticles. The nanoparticles in these products have been reported to erythema, cobalt and chromium nanoparticles to damage fibroblasts beyond the skin barrier.

Exposure to nanoparticles can lead to cardiovascular disease and cancer that can led to death. Nanoparticles stimulate neurons in the lungs that affect the central nervous system and cardiac autonomic function.

The future and development of nanotechnology in healthcare

The use of nanotechnology in the medical field will revolutionize the way we identify and treat the damage to the human body in the future therefore technologies that emerged a few years ago have made great strides in becoming a reality. By using nanomedicine, which doctors can diagnose and treat in patients with a wide range of ailments. By the year 2028, programmable nanorobiotic devices and nanohormatics can reverse the effects of atherosclerosis and heart disease, help the immune system in fighting infections, destroy cancer and correct genetic defects in cells and the next 15-20 years will show an explempary leap in health infrastructure with the help of nanotechnology.

Nanotechnology in medicine has become an exciting front for emerging science. Major universities, in partnership with some private companies, are conducting studies that demonstrate the development of methods. Scientists from all over the world are experimenting and researching on this exemplary functions and its application in modern medicine. Current studies include nanoparticles and treatment methods, diagnostic methods, antimicrobial methods, and its applications in cellular repair.

Surprisingly, researchers at the University of Florida have developed a nanoparticle to defeat a virus called hepatitis C, which causes liver scarring and cirrhosis and in a similarly compelling research, Oxford university engineers are developing ways to use nanotechnology in non-invasive surgery. Researchers hope to convert light waves into sound waves using a lens with carbon nanowires that can be used to explode tumors in cancer patients. Current ways do not like to use sound waves to blow up kidney stones.. With this new nanotechnology, focal accuracy can be increased up to 100 times and doctors can cut and blast alone under pressure, perhaps even without pain without dmaging of nerve fibers.

Therefore many of us are likely to experience nanomedicine effects in the future. Many countries like china, USA, UK AND JAPAN are investing heavily on it that conspires foe the new health detorant. The volume of development and research currently taking place in various universities and research institutes indicates that nanotechnology is that technology which can leads to the future of medicine and health.

FAQ On Nanotechnology

What is nanotechnology and its uses?

Nanotechnology is the science of tiny and nanorobots, which have a great potential for health care, deliver drugs more efficiently to specific areas that detect diseases more quickly and sensitively, and deliver vaccines through aerosols at specific target. Nanotechnology is being used in development of application and in medicine.

Why is Nanotechnology Important?

Nanotechnology is really important as it is rapidly advancing and aiding visual imaging in industrial applications, medical imaging, disease diagnosis, drug delivery, cancer treatment and gene therapy. Nanotechnology is of great importance for rapid health care product development because it has many human health benefits, but is considered with some fear for its human health risks.

Who Invented Nanotechnology?

How nanotechnology and Medicine are interrelated?

Nanotechnology in medicine has become an exciting front for emerging science. Major universities, in partnership with some private companies, are conducting studies that demonstrate the development of methods. Scientists from all over the world are experimenting and researching on this exemplary functions and its application in modern medicine

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